Therefore, it reduces the value of shareholders’ equity by the amount paid for those repurchased stocks. Contra liabilities are common in companies that sell bonds to raise capital. To drum up interest in the bond, the company will sell it at a discount. For example, a bond with a principal amount of $1,000 may be sold for only $950.
- Although they all aim at reducing the balance of some type of account, it is useful to have some general foundational knowledge of the different types of accounts.
- The amount on the equity contra account is deducted from the value of the total number of outstanding shares listed on a company’s balance sheet.
- Revenue is an income statement account, but it flows through to the equity section of retained earnings as well.
- Conta revenue account examples include sales returns, sales allowance, and discounts.
- Contra Liability a/c is not used as frequently as contra asset accounts.
Those are expenses, too, because, without them, you wouldn’t have had a store in which to sell the shoes and collect the revenue. A contra revenue account is a revenue account that is expected to have a debit balance (instead of the usual credit balance). In other words, its expected balance is contrary to—or opposite of—the usual credit balance in a revenue account.
Examples of Contra Revenue Accounts
A contra liability is an account in which activity is recorded as a debit balance and is used to decrease the balance of a liability. Contra Liability a/c is not used as frequently as contra asset accounts. It is not classified as a liability since it does not represent a future obligation. To illustrate the contra revenue account Sales Returns and Allowances, let’s assume that Company K sells $100,000 of merchandise on credit. It will debit Accounts Receivable for $100,000 and credit to Sales for $100,000. If a customer returns $500 of this merchandise, Company K will debit Sales Returns and Allowances for $500 and will credit Accounts Receivable for $500.
In addition to sales returns, the most common contra revenues are sales discounts and sales allowances. Sales allowances are price reductions offered to persuade customers to accept merchandise with damage or minor defects not serious enough to warrant a return. The first time a contra asset account is recorded in a journal entry, it is to be deducted from the expense. For example, when the credit amount in allowance for doubtful accounts increases, it is also recorded in the bad debt expense as a debit increase.
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The allowance for doubtful accounts is the contra account that reduces the accounts receivable to an estimated realizable amount. The net accounts receivable will more accurately report your assets on the balance sheet, and the estimated uncollectible expense will recognize contra revenue the reduction to income in the same period as the sale. Since the entry for cash sales is recorded as a credit in a revenue account, then a return on sales will be recorded as a debit in the revenue contra account, Return on Sales or Sales Returns and Allowances.
Contra accounts provide more detail to accounting figures and improve transparency in financial reporting. The sales allowances account contains either an allowance for reductions in the price of a product that has minor defects, or the actual amount of the allowance attributable to specific sales. The purpose of the Owner’s Withdrawal account is to track the amounts taken out of the business without impacting the balance of the original equity account. A contra account is a general ledger account with a balance that is the opposite of another, related account that it is paired with. However, if the billing office stopped there, you would overstate your assets and net income.
Do Sales Returns & Allowances Go on the Income Statement?
For example, if the balance of accumulated depreciation increases from $20,000 to $50,000, this means that the depreciation expense amounts to $30,000, which will be listed in the income statement. Although they all aim at reducing the balance of some type of account, it is useful to have some general foundational knowledge of the different types of accounts. A contra account is a general ledger account with a balance that is opposite of the normal balance for that account classification. The use of a contra account allows a company to report the original amount and also report a reduction so that the net amount will also be reported. The net amount is often referred to as the carrying amount or perhaps the net realizable amount.